Diabetes Wellness

Diabetes

Diabetes occurs when your body fails to make enough insulin or, if it does, the body does not use it properly. Insulin is the hormone that helps balance the amount of sugar in your blood by changing it into the energy needed for daily life. Your blood always has some glucose (sugar) in it because your body needs glucose for energy to keep you going. Too much glucose in the blood causes pre-diabetes or diabetes.
Parent holding child's hand

  • Type 1 diabetes is a chronic condition that occurs when the pancreas produces little or no insulin. It occurs most often in children and young adults. People with Type 1 diabetes must take daily insulin injections to stay alive. This type of diabetes is less common.

  • Type 2 diabetes is the more common form of the disease. Insulin is being produced, but the body doesn’t use it to convert the sugar to stored energy or the pancreas may not produce enough insulin. Type 2 diabetes can occur in all age groups, but it is diagnosed most often in adults age 45 or older. Diet and physical activity help to control type 2 diabetes. Most people also need to take diabetes pills or insulin.

Symptoms

  • Urinating often
  • Feeling very thirsty
  • Feeling very hungry – even though you have eaten
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Blurry vision
  • Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal
  • Tingling, pain or numbness in the hand/feet
Contact your health care provider if you are experiencing these symptoms

TRICARE covers services and supplies required to diagnose and treat diabetes.