Zika virus is primarily spread to people through the bite of an infected mosquito. It can also be passed through sex, blood transfusions and can be spread from a pregnant woman to her fetus. While there is currently no cure and no vaccine currently available to prevent Zika, there are steps you and your family can take to prevent exposure to the disease.
Learn more about the zika virus
Learn more about prevention
- Minimize the time outside when mosquitos are active.
- Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants.
- Control mosquitos around the home by eliminating standing water where mosquitos breed.
- Use EPA-registered insect repellents containing DEET, picaridin or IR3535. These are safe for pregnant women when used as directed.
- Stay in places with air conditioning and window and door screens to keep mosquitos outside.
- Use permethrin-treated clothing and equipment.
- Avoid unprotected sex with potentially exposed partners.
Check out more travel tips
- Do your homework about the area you’re traveling to and research any specific health risks associated with the location.
- Pack a travel health kit that includes insect repellent.
- See a healthcare provider familiar with travel medicine, ideally four to six weeks before your trip.
- Choose a hotel or lodging with air conditioning or with screens.
- If you are pregnant, do not travel to areas with zika.
- If you are trying to get pregnant, talk to your doctor or healthcare provider about your travel plans.
Learn more about zika virus symptoms
- Joint or muscle pain
- Red eyes
If you develop any of the above symptoms within two weeks of traveling to an affected Zika area, see your healthcare provider immediately. Report your symptoms, recent travel information and history of sexual partners. Otherwise, get plenty of rest, drink fluids to prevent dehydration and take acetaminophen to reduce fever and pain. Do not take aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Learn more about treatment
More information from TRICARE and the CDC about the zika virus